The misleading name of the contract was introduced by former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who was preparing to attack his despised successor, Caprivi, to conclude an agreement reached by Bismarck himself during his management. However, Bismarck`s nomenclature implied that Germany had traded an African empire for a small Helgoland (pants for button).  This was taken with zeal by imperialists who complained of “treason” against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg advocated the creation of the All-German Association, which took place in 1891.  Anglo-Portuguese relations in Africa had been strained by the British ultimatum of 1890, which had prevented Portugal from joining its colonies in Angola and Mozambique beyond Malawi. Zambia and Zimbabwe, which led to the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1891, and by an Anglo-German agreement in 1898 that, if Portugal abandoned its African colonies, Germany could extend German Southwest Africa northward and force to Germany, while Britain could expand and control its South African territory to the east. The Atlantic Islands of Portugal.  The Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty (German: Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty, also known as the 1890 Anglo-German Agreement) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. If you have access to a newspaper through an association or association, please flip through your association log, select an article you want to view, and follow the instructions in that field. In exchange, Germany handed over the British protectorate to the Sultanate of Wituland (German Witu, on the Kenyan coast) and parts of East Africa vital to the British to build a railway to Lake Victoria and promised not to intervene in the British action against the independent sultanate of Zanzibar (i.e.
the Islands Unguja and Pemba). In addition, the treaty based Germany`s interests in South-West Africa (now Namibia) and colonized the borders between German Togoland and the British Golden Coast (now Ghana), as well as between German Cameroon and British Nigeria.  The treaty aimed at the objectives of German Chancellor Leo von Caprivi to reach an agreement with the British. After the Berlin Conference of 1884, Germany had lost at this stage of the “Scramble for Africa”: the German East African company, led by Carl Peters, had acquired a strip of land on the tanganjik coast (which led to the Abushiri revolt of 1888), but never had control of the islands of the Sultanate of Zanzibar; the Germans did not give any vital interest. In return, they acquired Helgoland, strategically placed for control of the German bay, which became indispensable for Emperor William II with the construction of the North Sea and Baltic Canal from 1887. Wilhelm`s naval policy broke an agreement with the British and eventually led to a rapprochement between Britain and France, sealed in 1904 with the Cordial Agreement.