/Armistice Agreements 1949

Armistice Agreements 1949

Negotiations on the common use of Jordanian waters in the early 1950s were unsuccessful, allowing Israel to pursue its own plan to redirect much of this water to the south of the country. Syria`s attempt to distract the banks of the Banya River in 1965 provoked Israeli threats and attacks that halted Syrian diversion efforts. These tensions peaked in May 1967, when Egypt responded to a call for help from Syria and transferred its army to positions along the Israeli border in Sinai and removed the UN relief force from the border. Israel`s response was a successful offensive that led to the total conquest of the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank and the Syrian Golan Heights. This development made the 1949 Israel-Syria GAA irrelevant. The legal void was finally filled after the October 1973 war. The May 1974 “Separation of armed forces” agreement, negotiated by US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, resulted in a new demarcation line that brought the city of Qunaytra under Syrian control and has since been overseen by UNDOF, a UN special observer force. (1) A general ceasefire between the armed forces of the two parties, land, sea and air, will be established, by insinuating the above principles and in the Security Council resolutions of 4 and 16 November 1948. Bar-Yaacov, Nisan. The Israeli-Syrian Armistice: Problems of Implementation 1949-1966. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1968.

4. The establishment of a ceasefire between the armed forces of both sides is accepted as an indispensable step towards the action of armed conflicts and the restoration of peace in Palestine. Between February and July 1949, general ceasefire agreements (GAAs) were signed between the State of Israel and four Arab states: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Iraq, which had participated in the war with an expeditionary force, did not reach an agreement since it had no common border with Israel; His troops were leaving the arena. All negotiations were negotiated on behalf of the United Nations (UN) by Ralph Bunche, whose performance won him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949. These agreements ended the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. The inability of the UN Mediation Commission for Palestine to conclude broader peace agreements has led de facto to a situation that has made general ceasefire agreements quasi-permanent agreements governing relations between Israel and its Arab neighbours until the 1967 war. Iraq, whose troops actively participated in the war (although it had no common border with Israel), withdrew its troops from the region in March 1949. The front occupied by Iraqi forces was covered by the ceasefire agreement between Israel and Jordan[3] and there was no separate agreement with Iraq.

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