Partnership agreements with third countries (summaries of EU legislation)  See Joint Declaration of the European Union, on the one hand, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, on the other hand, on relations between the European Union and Greenland, ec.europa.eu/europeaid/sites/devco/files/signed-joint-declaration-eu-greenland-denmark_en.pdf, archived in perma.cc/NUL5-5KDN. As part of the negotiation process, Greenland was able to establish negotiations and establish their own rules on fisheries, including quotas, for a fisheries agreement with Denmark and the European Communities, in which EC Member States would also pay for their access to Greenland`s waters.  In the final text, Greenland`s fishing industry was recognized as an essential economic activity.  As such, the agreement did not prevent Greenland from claiming the 1947 GATT exclusion paragraph, a paragraph that would allow Greenland to introduce temporary prohibitions and restrictions to protect those interests.   United in Diversity-A View from Greenland, Blog active.eu: History and Policy (May 3, 2016), historyandpolicy.blogactiv.eu/2016/05/03/united-in-diversity-a-view-from-greenland/, archived at perma.cc/EHD9-T8E8. The fisheries agreement between Greenland, Denmark and the current EU agreement has changed over the years since the formal creation of the EU in 1993.  Greenland maintains fisheries and cooperation agreements with the EU.  These agreements are renegotiated every six years by Greenland, Denmark and the EU.  Fishing quotas are renegotiated each year.  The current protocol is in effect from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020.
 The first agreement was in force for ten years between 1985 and 1995.  Greenland itself negotiates its fishing quotas, but can ask Denmark for help, as can be seen in Denmark`s role in the mackerel negotiations.  Greenland, an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark (including the countries of Denmark and the Faroe Islands) is one of the countries and territories of EU-Länder.DE associated with the European Union. Greenland receives EU funding for sustainable development and has signed agreements to strengthen cooperation with the EU. In 1972, when Greenland had Danish county status, Denmark voted to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in a national referendum in 1972. In 1979, when Greenland gained regime of origin status and greater authority over its sovereignty, it held a national referendum in which it voted in favour of leaving the EEC. In 1985, Greenland became an overseas territory and territory by leaving the EEC. After departure, Greenland had to renegotiate its fisheries agreement with the EEC to allow COMMUNITY Member States to access Greenlandic waters in the same way they had, while Greenland was part of the EEC, but also to allow Greenland to renegotiate the terms of the agreement every five years, renegotiating tariffs and quotas each year.