(iii) To this end, a three-person court, one of whom is believed to be a national of India or Pakistan, will be established within four months of the ceasefire. Each member is appointed by each government and the third member, who is the president, is jointly appointed by the two governments. If the two governments fail to reach an agreement on the election of the president within three months of the ceasefire, they ask the UN Secretary-General to nominate the president. There has been no direct official response from India to all pakistan`s offers to formalize the ceasefire. With regard to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif`s four-point offer, which included the formalization of the 2003 ceasefire offer, the reaction of Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj was negative. At the same time, she said, “We don`t need four points, we only need one – abandon terrorism.” Similarly, in response to the proposal of Abdul Basit, President of the Indian National Congress, India`s main opposition party, PC Chacko accused Pakistan of these violations and said that Pakistan must “show sincerity” before calling for the formalization of the ceasefire. The Karachi agreement between India and Pakistan has established a ceasefire line that should be overseen by military observers. These observers, under the command of the military adviser, formed the nucleus of the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP). On 30 March 1951, after the end of the United Nations Commission on India and Pakistan (UNCIP), the Security Council decided, in Resolution 91 (1951), that UNODIP should continue to monitor the ceasefire line in Kashmir.
UNMOGIP`s mission is to observe and report complaints about ceasefire violations and to submit its findings to each party and the Secretary-General.  ii) If, within two months of the ceasefire, the ministers of the two governments fail to reach an agreement between the ministers of the two governments on the determination of the border, the two governments have, as stipulated in the joint communiqué of 24 October 1959, the Court of Justice referred to in point iii) to determine the boundary in light of their respective demands and evidence. submitted to it, and the Tribunal`s decision is final and binding on both parties. Security Council Resolution 39 of April 1948 established a United Nations Commission (UNSC) to mediate between India and Pakistan to end the fighting in Kashmir and hold a referendum. After negotiations with both sides, the Commission adopted a three-part resolution in August 1948 and then added a “complement”. The three sides relate to the ceasefire, the terms of the ceasefire and the negotiating procedures related to the referendum. The two countries accepted the resolution and a ceasefire was concluded on 31 December 1948. The ceasefire, which came into effect at midnight on Tuesday, is the first formal ceasefire since an insurgency began in India-controlled Kashmir 14 years ago.