Any existing EU agreement, which will not be rushed, will end on 31 December and future trade will take place on WTO terms until an agreement is reached. The EU negotiates trade agreements on behalf of member states, including Ireland. These agreements deal with preferential tariffs on the transport of goods between the EU and countries around the world. The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The European Union negotiates free trade agreements on behalf of all its member states, as EU member states have granted “exclusive jurisdiction” to conclude trade agreements. Nevertheless, the governments of the Member States control every step of the process (through the Council of the European Union, whose members are the national ministers of each national government). The EU has free trade agreements with 37 partners that have entered into full force, including South Korea, Japan and Singapore, as well as free trade agreements with 43 partners, such as Canada and Ukraine, which are provisionally implemented. In May, the EU and Mexico also reached an agreement on modernising the existing agreement. Negotiations for new free trade agreements are underway with 19 countries, including Australia and New Zealand.
If the UK were to act in accordance with WTO rules, tariffs would apply to most of the products that British companies send to the EU. This would make British goods more expensive and more difficult to sell in Europe. The UK could also do so for EU products if it so wishes. Irish exports amounting to EUR 3 billion can benefit from preferential tariffs under these agreements.  Trade can also be simplified if countries have the same rules as. B the color of the branch wires. The closer the rules are, the less likely it is that the goods will be controlled.  trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=1933 comprehensive agreement, exports to EU regions, fact sheets, aid to exporters On 23 October, the UK government signed a new trade agreement with Japan, which means that 99% of UK exports will be tariff-free there.
In 2019, the European Union and Vietnam have agreed on a free trade agreement. The trade agreement includes a number of goods and services. The agreements set significant tariff reductions for food and beverage products, as well as the removal of a number of non-tariff barriers.